Period 1999 -- 2001
Abdurrahman Wahid, who fondly called as Gus Dur was the fourth President of the Republic of Indonesia starting from October 20, 1999 until July 24, 2001. He was born on August 4, 1940 at Denanyar village, Jombang, East Java. Gus Dur is the first son of six children. His father was a founder of a great organization Nahdlatul Ulama, named KH. Wahid Hasyim. While his mother called Hj. Sholehah is the daughter of the founder of Pesantren Denanyar Jombang, KH Bisri Syamsuri. From her marriage with Sinta Nuriyah, they endowed with four children, namely Alissa Qotrunnada Munawaroh, Zannuba Arifah Chafsoh, Annita Hayatunnufus, and Inayah Wulandari.
Since childhood, Gus Dur has a penchant for reading and diligently to use of his father's personal library. In addition, he is also active visiting to public library in Jakarta. In his teens, Gus Dur has been familiar with a variety of magazines, newspapers, novels and books. Besides, reading, his hobbies are also playing soccer, chess and music. Even so, Gus Dur, was once asked to become a football commentator on television. Other his indulgence, who participated also completing his hobby, is watching movies. His passion has led to a deep appreciation in the world of film. This is why Gu Dur in the year 1986-1987 was appointed as the chairman of the Indonesian Film Festival jury.
Gus Dur's adolescence was spent largely in Yogyakarta and Tegalrejo. In these two places, the development of science began to rise. The next period, Gus Dur stayed in Jombang, in Pesantren Tambak Beras, until then continued his studies in Egypt. Before leaving to Egypt, his uncle has postponed a girl for him, namely Sinta Nuriyah the daughter of Haji Muh. Sakur. The marriage held when Gus Dur was in Egypt.
On his return from wandering in search of knowledge, Gus Dur back to Jombang and choose to become a teacher. In 1971, he joined the Faculty of Ushuludin Tebu Ireng University Jombang. Three years later he became the secretary of Pesantren Tebu Ireng, and in the same year Gus Dur began to become a writer. He returned to his talent as a writer and columnist. Through these writings Gus Dur's idea of thinking began to receive much attention.
In 1974 Gus Dur was asked his uncle, KH Yusuf Hasyim to assist in Pesantren Tebu Ireng Jombang as a secretary. From here Gus Dur start often get invited to be a resource person on a number of religious and kepesantrenan discussion forums, whether in local and abroad. Furthermore, Gus Dur was involved in the activities of NGOs. First in LP3ES with Dawam Rahardjo, Aswab Mahasin and Adi Sasono in the development of Pesantren project, then Gus Dur founded P3M driven by LP3ES.
In 1979, Gus Dur was moved to Jakarta. At first he pioneered Pesantren Ciganjur. While in early 1980 Gus Dur is believed to be representative of experts in advisory NU. Here Gus Dur was involved in a serious discussion and debate about religious issues, social and political circles with various inter-faith, ethnicity and discipline. Gus Dur is more serious to write and wrestle with his world, both in the field of culture, politics, and Islamic thoughts. Career deemed `deviant`, in his capacity as a religious leader as well as NU-board and invite scorn is when he became chairman of the Jakarta Arts Council (DKJ) in 1983. He also became chairman of the jury in the Festival Film Indonesia (FFI) in 1986, 1987.
In 1984, Gus Dur was elected by acclamation by a team of ahl al-hall wa `aqdi chaired by KH As`ad Syamsul Arifin for the general chairman position in the 27th conference of NU in Situbondo. The position is re-affirmed at the 28th conference on pesantren Krapyak Yogyakarta (1989), and conferences in Cipasung West Java (1994). The position of general chairman of PBNU then released when Gus Dur was the 4th President. During the presidency, not the least of thought of Gus Dur controversial thought. The opinion is often different from the opinions of other people’s thought. (From Various Sources)
Abdurrahman Wahid died in the age of 69 on December 30, 2009 at 18:40 pm in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Jakarta.